How to plant and cultivate winter jasmine?

How to plant and cultivate winter jasmine?

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The characteristics of winter jasmine

  • Type: flowering shrub
  • Height: 2 to 4 m
  • Flower color: yellow
  • Desired exposure: sunny, semi-shaded
  • Foliage: spent
  • Interview: easy to maintain
  • Type of soil: well drained
  • sanitizer: no

Origins and peculiarities of winter jasmine

The winter jasmine (Jasmine nudiflorum) belongs to the Oleaceae family, just like its cousin the summer jasmine. Native to China, this magnificent shrub flowers abundantly during the off season, from December to April; As such, winter jasmine is therefore perfect for decorating gardens, balconies and terraces when the other flowers have wilted, and it allows you to have a beautifully flowered garden all year round!

Visually, winter jasmine is a vine at deciduous foliage ; its leaves are made up of 3 to 5 green oval leaflets, and its flowers, unlike common jasmine, are not white but yellow. However, they always have a funnel shape. Although unscented, winter jasmine turns each year, under the frost, into a firework of golden stars.

Cultivation of winter jasmine

You can grow winter jasmines in the ground as well as in pots. This ornamental shrub which is sometimes called yellow jasmine is indeed a climber much less fragile than we think. It is satisfied with a calcareous, even stony and poor ground, in particular in the regions of the south of France.

This evergreen shrub is in any case ideal for bringing a vegetal touch to a facade, for shading a trellis or simply mixing with other shrubs in a living hedge.

Growing a winter jasmine in a pot offers the advantage of being able to move the shrub, from the terrace to the veranda for example, or simply enjoy its flowering and its fragrance even when you don't have a garden .

Planting winter jasmine

For a winter jasmine plantation in the open ground, it is best to wait for spring or autumn. Flowering must absolutely be finished. Although this shrub is content with little, the ideal is to use a fairly rich soil with compost or light potting soil. The planting hole should be about 30 cm, and the soil well drained: some gravel at the bottom of the hole is essential to prevent the water from stagnating.

For a pot planting, here again, favor a rich substrate. And to keep it fresh enough without excess water, place a layer of clay balls at the bottom of the pot because winter jasmine hates excess moisture which tends to bathe its roots and cause its leaves to turn yellow .

If you plant winter jasmine in the ground, be sure to choose a location that will suit him in any season. In summer, it likes to take advantage of a little freshness: It should not therefore be exposed directly to the rays of the sun. A shaded location sheltered from the wind is ideal, provided that this shrub can enjoy the sun in winter, otherwise it will not flower. And do not forget to support him because this climber does not cling to his support alone!

Winter jasmine care

In exceptional cold weather, you can protect the roots of winter jasmine with mulch.
The pruning of winter jasmine should be done every three years, around March-April. The shrub must be pruned at the foot: it is therefore a severe pruning but the jasmine will only be more vigorous.

Winter Jasmine Diseases

The main enemies of winter jasmine in a garden are:

  • Mealybugs, which weaken the tree by feeding on its sap, but which can be avoided by spraying winter jasmine with an ecological solution upstream.
  • Aphids, which you can get rid of by spraying the leaves with water and black soap.
  • Powdery mildew, which you can remove with a horsetail-based decoction.