Mosaic is a very ancient decorative art, it was already practiced in Antiquity, to decorate the walls and floors of houses, temples and religious monuments. Nowadays, it has of course remained a real discipline of decorative art and artistic crafts and has also spread widely in the field of decoration and creative hobbies. We find it as well on our walls in the kitchen or the bathroom, as on small decorative objects.
How does mosaic work?
The goal of the game is to arrange the small tesserae (which can be of various compositions: sandstone, enamel, glass paste, ceramics ...) on your support in order to create a graphic decor. So you will first need to design a paper sketch of the reasons for your project and choose your color combinations, cut your basic materials to create the tesserae that you will stick on the support. When finishing the mosaic, you will fill the space between the tesserae with joint.
What material to start with?
Apart from the ruler, the paper, and pencil which will allow you to carry out your sketch, you will need a support to decorate, your raw material which you will cut in tesserae using a cutting pliers, called Japanese pliers. It will allow you to make precise cuts into squares, circles, triangles ... which will then allow you to nestle your small pieces nicely with each other. To stick them, you will need wood glue in a bottle or tile adhesive depending on the support you will be working with. Finally, the final step will ask you to provide yourself with a powdered joint, to be diluted in water, a spatula to apply it and a sponge to clean the work.
Tips for getting started
The work of the mosaic is a long-term job; patience and perseverance are the watchwords of this technique. In order not to be discouraged from your first experience, the best is to choose a support that is simple to decorate, a flat and small shape: a small mirror for example. The size of 25 x 25 cm is more than enough to start! Do not attack with tesserae in glass paste difficult to work for a beginner and favor the simple, geometric patterns, before embarking on the representation of a realistic subject. Finally, if you want to learn on your own, without going through a small introductory course (although very useful for discovering basic techniques…), buy books on the subject, search the web for mosaic tutorials , and think of the ready-made kits, to get started easily!