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In January, the orchard is at the center of all attention. Because to benefit from an abundant harvest of fruit, the gardener must prune his fruit trees at the right time. How to prune fruit trees, with what tools and why is pruning beneficial to trees? This is what Charly from Jardiland explained to us in detail.
How is the size of a fruit tree in January useful?
Pruning a tree first removes dead branches and excess branches. Pruning is also used to shorten overly long branches. By shortening them, the gardener gives his fruit trees the chance to tire less. Especially since a tree with short branches provides more fruit than a tree whose branches stretch unnecessarily. The pruning of January also has the effect of balancing the distribution of the twigs to be kept all around the trunk of a fruit tree, and consequently this will balance the weight of the fruits on the tree in the summer.
Does the pruning of fruit trees require some precautions?
Armed with pruning shears and a branch cutter, the gardener must first think of wearing gardening gloves and, if his trees are tall, of a double ladder. He must also be able to disinfect his cutting tools. You can quickly pass the blades in the flame or brush them with alcohol after the pruning of each fruit tree so as not to risk contaminating the others if one of them is a carrier of diseases. It is also for this reason that after pruning, all cut branches should be burned rather than stored at the bottom of the garden.
How to prune fruit trees?
Pruning consists of removing dead, sick, puny or badly placed branches and twigs, and as I told you, it allows shortening of one third to two thirds of branches that are too high. We take care to keep the buds emerging whether they are flowering or wood, and to eliminate the branches that cross the horizontal branches that we want to keep. Of course, we do not forget to lighten the heart of the tree for two reasons: to facilitate the picking of the fruits that have grown in this difficult-to-reach place, and to allow air and heat to circulate between the branches and leaves. It only remains to put a little putty at the place where the largest branches were cut. In prevention of diseases, we act in an ecological way by simply spraying fruit trees with Bordeaux mixture.
Which fruit trees should benefit from winter pruning?
There are many fruit trees to prune in January. Apple, Apricot, Quince, Noiset, Poirier, Chestnut, as well as Amandier and Figuier. For some of them, pruning can still be done in February, others will - in addition to having been pruned in January - undergo a pinch in the spring between April and May. This is the case with the Apricot Tree. By taking care of the size of the fruit trees in January, you will have the pleasure of tasting a multitude of tasty fruits when the harvest time has struck.